Salgado Conrado, L., Rodriguez-Pulido, A. and Calderon, G., Thermal performance of parabolic trough solar collectors, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 67, pp. 1345-1359, 2017.
 Fuqiang, W., Ziming, C., Jianyu, T., Yuan, Y., Yong, S. and Linhua, L., Progress in concentrated solar power technology with parabolic trough collector system: a comprehensive review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 79, pp. 1314-1328, 2017.
 Guo, S., Liu, D., Chu, Y., Chen, X., Xu, C. and Liu, Q., Dynamic behavior and transfer function of collector field in once-through DSG solar trough power plants, Energy, Vol. 121, pp. 513-523, 2017.
 Li, Q., Tehrani, S.S.M. and Taylor, R.A., Techno-economic analysis of a concentrating solar collector with built-in shell and tube latent heat thermal energy storage, Energy, Vol. 121, 220-237, 2017.
 Suman, S., Khan, M.K. and Pathak, M., Performance enhancement of solar collectors a review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 49, pp. 192-210, 2015.
 Mancini, T., Heller, P., Butler, B., Osborn, B., Schiel, W., Goldberg, V. And et al., Dishstirling systems: an overview of development and status. J Sol Energy Eng 2003; 125: 135. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1562634
 Furler, P., Scheffe, J.R. and Steinfeld, A., Syngas production by simultaneous splitting of H2O and CO2 via ceria redox reactions in a high-temperature solar reactor. Energy Environ Sci 2012; 5: 6098e103. https://doi.org/10.1039/C1EE02620H
 Badran, A.A., Yousef, I.A., Joudeh, N.K., Hamad R, A.l., Halawa, H. and Hassouneh, H.K., Portable solar cooker and water heater. Energy Convers Manag 2010; 51: 1605-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2009.09.03.
 Zou, C., Zhang, Y., Falcoz, Q., Neveu, P., Zhang, C., Shu, W. and et al. Design and optimization of a high-temperature cavity receiver for a solar energy cascade utilization system. Renew Energy 2017; 103: 478-489. doi:https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.renene.2016.11.044.
 Wang, M. and Siddiqui, K., The impact of geometrical parameters on the thermal performance of a solar receiver of dish-type concentrated solar energy system. Renew Energy 2010; 35: 2501e13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2010.03.021
 Shuai, Y., Xia, X-L. and Tan, H-P., Radiation performance of dish solar concentrator/ cavity receiver systems. Sol Energy 2008; 82: 13e21. doi:https://doi.org/10. 1016/j.solener.2007.06.005.
 Thirunavukkarasu, V. and Cheralathan, M., Thermal performance of solar parabolic dish concentrator with hetero-conical cavity receiver. Altern Energy Sources Mater Technol, vol. 787, Trans Tech Publications; 2015, p. 197e201. doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.787.197.
 Qiu, K., Yan, L., Ni, M., Wang, C., Xiao, G., Luo, Z. and et al., Simulation and experimental study of an air tube-cavity solar receiver. Energy Convers Manag 2015; 103:847-58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2015.07.01.
 Borgnakke, C. and Sonntag, R.E., Fundamentals of thermodynamics, 7th Ed., John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2018.
 Abbasian Arani, A.A., Sadripour, S. and Kermani, S., Nanoparticle shape effects on thermal-hydraulic performance of boehmite alumina nanofluids in a sinusoidal-wavy mini-channel with phase shift and variable wavelength, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Vol. 128-129, pp. 550-563, 2017.
 Sadripour, S., 3D numerical analysis of atmospheric-aerosol/carbon-black nanofluid flow within a solar air heater located in Shiraz, Iran, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat & Fluid Flow, https://doi.org/10.1108/HFF-04-2018-0169, 2018.
 Incropera, F.P., Dewitt, D.P., Bergman, T.L. and Lavine, A.S., Fundamentals of heat and mass Transfer, 6th Ed., John Wiley & Sons, 2006.
 Khorasanizadeh, H., Mohammadi, K. and Mostafaeipour, A., Establishing a diffuse solar radiation model for determining the optimum tilt angle of solar surfaces in Tabass, Iran, Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 78, pp. 805-814, 2014.
 ANSYS Inc, Ansys CFX-solver Theory Guide, 2009.
 Behzadmehr, A., Saffar-Avval, M. and Galanis, N., Prediction of turbulent forced convection of a nanofluid in a tube with uniform heat flux using a two phase approach, International Journal of Heat Fluid Flow, Vol. 28, pp. 211-219, 2007.
 Hejazian, M., Moraveji, M.K. and Beheshti, A., Comparative study of Euler and mixture models for turbulent flow of Al2O3 nanofluid inside a horizontal tube, International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, Vol. 52 , pp. 152-158, 2014.
 Goktepe, S., Atalk, K. and Ertrk, H., Comparison of single and two-phase models for nanofluid convection at the entrance of a uniformly heated tube, International Journal of Thermal Science, Vol. 80, pp. 83-92, 2014.
 Patankar, S.V., Numerical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow, Taylor & Francis Group, 1980.
 Schiller, L. and Naumann, A., A drag coefficient correlation, Z. Ver. Dtsch. Ing., Vol. 77, pp. 318-320, 1935.
 Abbasian Arani, A.A., Sadripour, S. and Kermani, S., Nanoparticle shape effects on thermal-hydraulic performance of boehmite alumina nanofluids in a sinusoidal–wavy mini-channel with phase shift and variable wavelength, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Vol. 128–129, pp. 550-563, 2017.
 Sadripour, S., 3D Numerical Analysis of Atmospheric-Aerosol/Carbon-Black Nanofluid Flow within a Solar Air Heater Located in Shiraz, Iran, International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 1378–1402, 2019.
 Sadripour, S. and Chamkha, A.J., The Effect of Nanoparticle Morphology on Heat Transfer and Entropy Generation of Supported Nanofluids in a Heat Sink Solar Collector, Thermal Science and Engineering Progress, Vol. 9, pp. 266–280, 2019.
 Sadripour, S., Investigation of Flow Characteristics and Heat Transfer Enhancement of a Corrugated Duct using Nanofluid, Journal of Applied Mechanics and Technical Physics, Vol. 59, No. 6, pp. 1049–1057, 2018.
 Duffie, J.A. and Beckman, W.A., Solar Engineering of Thermal Processes, 3rd Ed., Wiley & Sons, New York, 2006.